What is Ceramic Engineering? Explained By Ceramic Engineer
Ceramic Engineering: Learn everything about Ceramic Engineering. I am a ceramic engineer from Anna University, India. A Lot of people wonder that, what is ceramic engineering & ceramic technology. What a ceramic engineer will do after finishing their degree? So In this post, I am going to What is Ceramic engineering, Career / Jobs, Scope, Vacancy, Salary, Syllabus, Collage, Associations, Placements, Internship, projects, Books & explain everything about it. Whoever is chosen ceramic as a career through their studies, they are called as a ceramist. In my experience, whenever I say that I am a ceramic engineer, people will raise their eyebrows and ask what is about?. Many people never heard about ceramic technology course.
CERAMIC ENGINEERING IS NOT only LEARNING ABOUT POTTERY & GRANITE. IT is MUCH MORE Than that. COURSE COVERS FROM TRADITIONAL CERAMICS TO TECHNICAL CERAMICS.
In this article i am not going to write or explain chemical formula, chemical properties, physical properties, production process and uses of ceramic materials. Because these details are easily available. A best source will be Wikipedia. But in Wikipedia you can’t find the non-technical information related to ceramic engineering. The non-technical part is that what you are going to do after completing ceramic engineering & what will be the scope of this study and everything. So now i am going to explain about opportunities available for ceramic engineering/Technology or diploma students, career growth, how to search jobs in ceramic industry and other cool practice stuff not boring text book stuff. I would love to clear any of your doubts about it, if I missed anything leave a Comment below in the comment section so that I know what I missed here and I will answer that question. Leave an introduction about yourself in the below comment section and if you have something to say, it will be a good information for all. Ok. Now we will dive into the subject let us start with first question. Here are the information you will find in this ceramic engineering post:
What is Ceramic Engineering
Ceramic engineering is a study about In-organic, non-metallic materials. The study covers all types of Ceramic materials, Manufacturing Process, Properties, Uses and etc. In study you will learn all theoretical part of ceramic processing. You will know ceramic is not only used in basic application and it has advance properties that are being used in extraordinary application like nuclear reactors, Main parts of the rocket and much more application you never heard of. Ceramic engineering study has different degrees just like all other subjects. There are certificate course which gives a basic knowledge about ceramic materials. And then diploma course which will be study time of 2 to 3 years. And then there comes the 4 years bachelor degree engineering for ceramics. And then as you know master degree and PHD. The more you study the more you learn about the ceramic materials in depth. You have to chose the level of study according to your carrer plan. For working in ceramic manufacturing plant I belive a diploma or a bachelor degree is enough to cover the technical aspect of the production process and technical aspects. Normally production industries don’t prefer master degree or PHD people for production jobs. Some companies may hire for R&D purpose. If you are going for a advance research job you must have to go of master degree in ceramics or PHD level. So deicde you career you want to proceed and move your study level according to that.
Cearmic Enigineering is a narrow subject so that the scope of the study is limited. There is advantage and disadvantage in this.Even though the scope is very narrow, you be a specialized person in this sector and treated a perfect professional for this job. But still the scope is limited. You will able to get job in limted sectors only not like a mechanical engineer or electrical engineer. As a ceramic engineer after 12 years you may find yourself in top of the organization sector which is not so possible in other industries.
Below is a list what some of my classmates, seniors & juniors doing from my ceramic engineering college?
- Me working in sanitaryware production line.
- My friend working in the sanitary ware lab and R& D.
- Some of our senior working in tiles production line.
- One of our classmates working on Glass production line.
- Tech senior joined as a lecturer in a ceramic college.
- 4 of our classmates, some juniors & seniors joined in steel authority of India (SAIL).
- Some have gone for government jobs like postal department.
- Few of them have gone abroad and joined MS in informational technology.
- Some have joined MBA & then gone for the job.
- Some seniors are working on refractory production line.
- One of my classmates joined as a research scholar in abroad.
- A junior form Ceramic technology joined as an engineer on Fiber production line.
- One of my M.Tech senior also works in Sanitaryware production line.
- Some seniors started small manufacturing units to supply Raw materials, equipment's and machinery to ceramic factories.
- One of our junior joined in clay processing unit.
- Some have joined in IT field.
As you can see, same like other courses, ceramic also have a wide opportunity in many areas.
What is after ceramic engineering?
Possibilities are limit less, as you have seen above what my friends are doing after done their ceramic engineering course. Whether You can join higher studies or You can get a job. If you didn't get job through campus selection then you will get some time between your studies and getting selected for a company. If you have decided that you are going for job after you completing degree then prepare yourself for job hunting. Job hunting is not easy for a ceramic engineer as far as I know. Because A computer science Engineer can get job in any small companies but a ceramic engineer can get job only in a big industry or a research organization. Approaching a big organization is kind of difficult and reaching key decision making person can’t be easy either. So prepare yourself for job hunting, find key contacts, reach them to find a job for you.
Ceramic engineering scope Comparision:
Here we will compare ceramic engineering career with other engineering person career. After finishing ceramic engineering from my experience I feel these points are to be considered before choosing ceramic engineering career. Here I have compared a computer science engineer career with ceramic engineer career.
1) Job opening: ceramic engineering Job openings are less compared to other departments. But competition is also very less. For example if a IT company announces 100 jobs or fresher a minimum of 2000 fresher’s will apply for that opening , in some case more than that. So the competition ratio will be 1:20. But a ceramic company announce for a opening of 5 poitions then they will receive maximum of 10 or 20 applications. Some cases the numbers will be very less. Even though many other degree holders from other specialization apply for that job but ceramic engineer will be very less or sometimes nil. Once I have attended an interview for production engineer position. That is a foreign company and they are looking for 5 years experienced person for that job. But I had only 1 and half years of interview. But I am the only person who attended the interview with ceramic degree so I got selected. So competition is very less but finding that small number of job opening is the key.
2) Job Location: Finding a job at particular location will be a dream. And maximum Industries are located at the outer side of the main city. Compared to other specialization get placed at where you want to be place is very much difficult. For example a computer science engineer can find a job at city location because Information Technology office is normally located at the city. And many companies will be located at the same place. So finding a job at city near to home it not so difficult for computer engineers. A computer engineer can find minimum of 10 companies for him around 60 Kms from his home. Sometimes even more than 100 companies if he stays in cities. But for ceramic engineer life, it is not that much simple. Find a job around 200 Kms itself difficult. Very limited number of companies available and nearly all companies will be well outer side of the cities. Even if there is a company probability of available vacancy will be very less. For example I have studied in Chennai, 3 ceramic companies are available near to Chennai. But there is no vacancy for me when I finishing my college, I got job in Hyderabad which is more than 600 Kms from my home town. So leave this ceramic engineering course if you want to stay near to home.
3) Job Position: Once you finish ceramic engineering course and if you join any industry you will be offered a decent position. That means you will not be in bottom of organization structure. To explain even more though you are a fresher you will be looking after some number of employees and some of the people will report to you. So you work will be managing and problem solving. But a computer science engineer will not be getting this level in origination structure. He will be the one who is doing the work and he will not be getting any one to report to him. So ceramic engineer will get better position when compared to other specialization.
4) Career Growth: A ceramic engineer can reach a Plant manager (General Manager) position in 12 to 15 years of experience. Plant manager position is a top level position at any industry. But for computer science engineer will reach at his career best position (General Manager) at 25 to 30 years of experience. So reaching top level potion in industry is much easier for ceramic engineering person that a computer science engineer.
5) Living at one location: No, No, not at all possible for ceramic engineer. Compared to computer science engineer living at one location and changing job is not possible for ceramic engineer. Because as I explained before ceramic industries are not located at near to each other. And for career growth and other personal reason staying at one company is not possible. So a big No, No for living at one location.
Career & Jobs
What Opportunity you can get after finishing ceramic engineering. Ceramic Engineers normally will get a job in ceramic production line and ceramic research & development labs. Now i want to clear some of the doubt normally arises for a ceramic students.
What are the companies that are recruiting ceramic engineers?
All sanitary ware, tiles, refractory, glass, fiber, insulators, cement, metallurgical & other ceramic related manufacturing industries would love to recruit a ceramic student.
How much difficult is for a ceramic student to get a job?
Normally approaching a manufacturing industry is very difficult when you are a fresher. But once you get experience, then it is easy for you to change companies. And still many ceramic industries are managed by mechanical and chemical students. So when you compete with them in a interview ceramic student will be preferred.
What will be the minimum and maximum salary for a ceramic engineer?
Fresher from ceramic engineering college will get a minimum of 5000 Dollars per annum. It depends on which collages from you are graduating and the company you are getting offers. Metallurgy, Glass, refractory and advance ceramic companies will offer more pay than sanitaryware, tiles, cement & other ceramic manufacturers.
Which field is best for ceramic professional as per career growth?
Different Fields in ceramic industries offer different career growth. As per our experience, we feel that carrier growth, according to the order mentioned below,
- Research & Advance ceramics.
- Sanitary ware.
- Tiles & Cement.
This above order may vary according to the company, Location & position which you are employed, For example an engineer from a MNC glass industry may get higher salary than an engineer in the small metallurgy company. And above list is limited core ceramic industry. They are many companies offers job to a ceramic professional. All the companies that are related to the core industry require ceramic professionals. Sometimes these companies pay more than the core industry because of the specialized skill required. Changing from one field to another field within the ceramic line is not advisable and it is impossible after a period of experience.
What other skills are those required for ceramic professionals to be competitive? We suggest developing some extra skills through extra courses to be competitive in the industry. Those are lean management (Six Sigma), excellent computer operating knowledge like making a technical drawing, Power point presentation & drawing a flow chart. Learning software like MS office, Photo shop, Basic auto cad & MS visio are recommended. Taking a Industrial safety course for industry is another help full to be competitive in the industry. Every day new technologies are developed so keeping in touch with the latest technology in the field is very important.
Is it difficult for a ceramic fresher to get a job?
I say no. Why? Because when we look at how many number ceramic manufacturing (Cement, Glass, sanitaryware, Tiles, Insulator, Refractory, metallurgical & other) in the world. It would me more than 10,000. A ceramic manufacturing company requires minimum 10 ceramic professionals. But some of the large companies require more than 40 ceramic professional from diploma level to PhD level. so if we take minimum 10 people per industry, then around 1,00,000 jobs are available and every year a minimum of 2500 jobs is being created for ceramic professionals. But every year not more than 2000 ceramic professionals come out of college. And not all students for ceramic industry always chose careers in ceramic industry, nearly more than half of the ceramic professional looks jobs outside of ceramic industry. That is why getting a job for a ceramic fresher in not so difficult. But normally job in industries are more like to be filled with referrals. So contacts, play a major role in job finding in the industry.
Job searching tips
Searching a job is really difficult task when you have no contact with in industry. In industries 70% of jobs are filled through contacts only. So when you want job in industry you need to watch out very closely to get a job. Once you get experience you can build up contacts. Then it is easy for you to search and change your company. I have listed below some of the tips how a ceramic engineering student can find a job in industry. It is not limited only to ceramic engineering students it also for ceramic diploma student.
Do project in industries not in research laboratory or college laboratory:
If you want job in production industry then do your final year ceramic engineering students should do their project in industry. When doing project you have to explore job opportunity in that same company. Talk to plant manager or production manager of that company. Request a job for you. In industry Plant manager or production manager have full power to give you a job. Even there is no opportunity at that moment they have the power to create a job for you. So when you doing a project impress them with your talent. Solve their one of the biggest issue in production. It will help you to land a job in that company. Normally the biggest issue will be rejection or defects and utilization of full production capacity. When you enter an industry, observe the list out issues and try to find solution for some of the issues. Then make a PPT and submit to GM or production manager. Trust me this method works because I got an offer. But playing in industry will never help you to get job.
Search Jobs in Social Media:
You need to concentrate on three social Medias other than job portals.
- Facebook: Join Groups related to ceramic industry. Search keywords like ceramic engineer, glass, Sanitaryware and etc.. Many groups are created by industrial people sometimes they will share job opportunity. And employees also create groups for their company. Search company name and look for groups and post you profile in that group.
- Twitter: User search box in twitter. Example search key wordpress are ceramic engineering jobs, ceramic jobs, glass jobs, sanitaryware jobs & etc.
- LinkedIn: social networking site for working professionals. Join groups related to ceramic and join in conversation.
Social media will help you to get more contacts which will lead to job opportunity. Other Job finding tips:
Write an article related to ceramic industry and link to your social media page or leave you email id.. I get lot of contacts through this website. If you want to submit an article related to the ceramic industry in this website or Want some idea about which topic you can write article or Want to start a new website on your own then you can contact me. I can help you to publish article on this website or start a new website for your own. Mail me at vm3567 @ gmail. com.
Create a Google alert for keywords like “ceramic engineer jobs” , “Ceramic engineer vacancy“ and other words related to ceramic engineer jobs. Same like this you can create many keyword alerts. Other example key words are “glass company jobs”,“sanitaryware vacancy” , “sanitaryware jobs” & etc…
As we already discussed salary of ceramic engineer may vary based on many factors. We have listed out some of the major factors which will decide your salary.
• Collage you have studied.
• Field you chose in ceramics.(We have discussed the fields in previous chapter) • Years of experience you have.
• Your communication.
• Your technical knowledge in that area you looking for job.
• Your Negotiation skill.
• The location of your company & policy of the company.
• The postion which you are going to join.
• Your day to day Resposibilities.
• The tax imposed by the government.
• The competation for your post your applying.
• Country you going to work.
• Last but not least your luck.
As rough Calculation we can say a fresher in ceramic field can get around 5000 Dollors per annum. Again this is a rough calculation based on the factor I know. But I know there are some people who got a hooping 9000 Dollors per annum. So to get a high starting salary you need to set a goal and work accordingly. You have to target a sector which you want to work and grow skills for that sector. Try to do make connections with the people in that industrial sector.There are many way to make connections with this people the best way is going through your colleges seniors.Try to do and implant training/ Intership.So that you know process in that particular industrial and when you go for interview you can give answers to satisfy the interviewer.
For Experienced person the salary mainly depends upon the sector and the experience in that industry. As we seen in the scope and career section after 10- 15 years when you find a top level position in the organization structure you may get 25,000 $ - 40,000 $ per Annum. This salary figures are given as per Indian Companies.India will not have so much tax deductions like USA and etc;
The Ceramic Engineering Syllabus covers all ceramic materials like glass, sanitaryware, tiles, refactory, insulators, advance ceramics and etc;.You will study about the production process, properties and uses of this materials.The depth of the syllabus level will vary according to the level of study you choose like diploma, Bachelor degree, Master degree and Ph.D.
The ceramic Course is available from Diploma to PhD. Below the table that represent list out the subjects that are covered in ceramic course and the objectives of those courses. Even though we tried to cover all the subjects, but some colleges may offer different electives and subjects.
|Glass||Subject Explains about Glass manufacturing process, types of glass, Furnace used in glass and technologies related to glass manufacturing industries.|
|Material science||Subject explains about characterization, structure ,phase diagrams & phase transformation of solid materials.|
|White ware||Triaxial bodies, Production process of white wares, causes of defects in production , uses, kiln used and technologies related to white ware industries.|
|Refractories||Raw materials, compositions, preparation of refractories, properties & Classification of refractories.|
|Ceramic raw materials & properties:||In-depth details about ceramic raw materials , properties of ceramic raw materials, uses of various ceramic raw materials.|
|Glaze Technology||Explains about Raw materials for glaze, preparation, testings & application method for glaze.|
|Advance ceramics||Introduction of advance ceramics. properties and applications of nitrides, oxides, carbides.|
|Bio Ceramics||Introduction to chemistry & mechanical properties of bio ceramics. preparation & uses of bio ceramic materials.|
|Kiln & furnaces||Technologies in kiln & furnace , types of kiln & furnace, burners, flames & furnace & kilns designs and pyrometry.|
|Phase Equilibrium||Introduction to phase equilibrium, thermodynamics, theories, diagrams & transformations.|
|Fibers & Composites||Introduction to fiber & composite materials. Production Process and other details related to fibers & composites.|
|Abrasives||Introduction to abrasives, types, uses and production techniques,|
|Electronic Ceramics||Introduction, Raw materials, steps involved in production, types and applications of electronic ceramics.|
|Traditional Ceramics||Overview of tradition ceramics , history , raw materials, production and applications.|
|Ceramic Testing Methods||Introduction to ceramic raw materials testing, equipment required, formulas to calculate and procedures.|
Not many colleges offer ceramic engineering in there campus.Only limit numbers of colleges offering ceramic engineering courses. Below is a list of colleges that are offering courses related to ceramic field.
Engineering Colleges/ Universities:
Below are the list of colleges offering Bachelor degree , Master degree and Ph.D in Ceramic specialization.
|S. No||Name of the Colleges/ Universities||Courses Offered||City||Country|
|1.||Anna University||B. Tech, B.E, M. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Chennai||India|
|2.||Rajasthan Technical University||B .Tech in Ceramic Technology||Rajasthan||India|
|3.||Government College of Engineering and Technology, India||B .Tech in Ceramic technology||Rajasthan||India|
|4.||Indian Institute of Technology (IIT (BHU))||M. Tech, B. Tech in Ceramic Engineering and Technology||Uttar Pradesh||India|
|5.||National Institute of Technology (NITRKL)||B.E,B. Tech & M. Tech in Ceramic Engineering & Ceramic Technology||Rourkela||India|
|6.||Govt. College of Engineering and Technology||B. Tech in Ceramic Engineering||Rajasthan||India|
|7.||Andhra University (AU) College of Engineering||B. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Vishakapatinam||India|
|8.||HKE Society's PDA College of Engineering||B.E in Ceramic and Cement Technology||Karnataka||India|
|9.||Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology||B. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Kolkatta||India|
|10.||Imperial College||B.S in Ceramic Technology||-||London|
|11.||Missouri University of Science and Technology||B.S in Ceramic Technology||Rola||U.S.A|
|12.||Alfred University, Inamori School of Engineering||B.S in Ceramic Technology||New York||U.S.A|
|13.||Banaras Hindu University- BHU||B.E in Ceramic Technology||Uttar Pradesh||India|
|14.||A.K.S University||B. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Madhya Pradesh||India|
|15.||Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College||B. Tech in Ceramic Technology||West Bengal||India|
|16.||West Bengal University of Technology- WBUT||B .Tech in Ceramic technology||West Bengal||India|
|17.||Mewar University||M. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Rajasthan||India|
|18.||Banaras Hindu University- BHU||B.E in Ceramic Technology||Varnasi||India|
|19.||University of Calcutta||B. Tech in Ceramic Technology||Kolkata||India|
Below are the list of colleges offering Diploma in Ceramic specialization.
|S.No||Name of the Colleges||Courses Offered||City||Country|
|1.||R.N Shetty Rural Polytechnic||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Karnataka||India|
|2.||Indian Institute of Ceramics||Dip in Ceramic Technology||West Bengal||India|
|3.||Government Polytechnic Jhajjar||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Haryana||India|
|4.||Gujarat Technological University||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Ahemedabad||India|
|5.||Lakhdhirji Engineering Colege||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Gujarat||India|
|6.||Sri Jayachamarajendra Government Polytechnic||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Bangalore||India|
|7.||Lukhdhirji Engineering College- Polytechnic||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Gujarat||India|
|8.||Utkalmani Gopabandhu Institute of Engineering||Dip in Ceramic Technology||Orissa||India|
|9.||Seth Ganga Sagar Jatia polytechnic||Dip in Glass and Ceramic Engg||Uttar Pradesh||India|
Books for ceramic engineering
Normally for ceramic students, there won’t be a separate text book for course. As per syllabus Students needs to refer books. So below we have listed that are helpful for ceramic students.
|S.No||Name of the Book||Author Name||Year of Published|
|1.||Total Quality Management – A Practical approach||H.Lal||1990|
|2.||Colourants and Auxiliaries: Volume I Colorants||Shore J||2002|
|3.||Fine Ceramics: Technology and Applications||Norton F.H||1978|
|4.||Introduction to Ceramics||Kingery W.D, Bowen H.K and Uhlmann D.R||1991|
|5.||Electroceramics||Moulson A.J and Herbert H. M||1990|
|6.||The Chemistry of Ceramics||Hiraoki Yanagida||1996|
|7.||Thermal Engineering||Khurmi R.S., and Gupta J.K||2001|
|8.||Ceramic Raw Materials||Worrall W.E||1992|
|9.||Materials and Processes||Paul De Garmo E, Black J.J and Ronald A.Kohser||1997|
|10.||Elements of Ceramics –Vol II||D.Ganguli, S.Kumar||1984|
|11.||Quality Control Handbook||Juran J.M and Gryna F.M||1988|
|12.||Ceramic Glazes||Kenneth Shaw||1971|
|13.||Ceramic Whitewares : Production, Testing and Quality Control||Sudhir Sen||1987|
|14.||Ceramics Glaze Technology||Tailor J.R and Bull A.C||1986|
|15.||Introduction to Glass Science & Technology||James E.Shelby||1997|
|16.||Handbook of Ceramic Glasses & Diamonds||A. Charles A Harper||2001|
|17.||Handbook of Refractories||D.N.Nandi||1991|
|18.||Modern Ceramic Engineering||David W. Richerson||2005|
|19.||Introduction to the Principles of Ceramic Processing||Reed J.S||1988|
|20.||Ceramic Processing||Mohamed N.Rahaman||2007|
|21.||Biomaterials: An Interfacial Approach||Hench L.L and Ethridge E.C||1982|
|22.||Melting Furnace Operation in the Glass Industry||Alexis G.Pincus||1980|
|23.||Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook||Perry R.H and Green D||1984|
|25.||Handbook of Glass Manufacture||Tooley F.V||1960|
There are some ways you can download this ceramic from internet for your references.Now I am going to explain one way how you can download this above majority of books from a single site.The website is bookzz.org. This website will have maximum of all ceramic books and research papers submitted about ceramic materials.Actually this site is not only for ceramic books but also have all books that are digitally available. The reason I recommend this site is that this is the only site which having maximum number of ceramic books downloads and research papers download for free and also this site will not have too much ads and also allow easily download the books with not much navigation.Download this books for only references purpose and if you actually want to use that book buy it legally and support author.
Associations for Ceramic professionals:
There are lot of associations for ceramic professionals some are for general ceramic associations, And some associations very specify to particular field inside ceramic like glass ceramics, advance ceramic and etc;. Some associations operates internationally, some are regions Specific associations like Asian Ceramic Associations, Amercian Ceramic Associations and etc;
|1.||The American Ceramic Society (ACerS)||USA|
|2.||The Ceramic Society of Japan||Japan|
|3.||Association of Ceramic Society (AEucc)||Italy, France, Romania, Spain.|
|4.||National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA)||USA|
|5.||The Chinese Ceramic Society||China|
|6.||German Ceramic Society,||Germany|
|7.||Treffpunkt Keramik, Ceramics Applications,||Germany|
|8.||The British Ceramic Confederation,||UK|
|9.||The Australian ceramic Association||Australia|
|10.||Ceramics Researchers Association of Nigeria (CeRAN),||Nigeria|
|11.||International Ceramic Federation (ICF),||Germany|
|12.||National Institute of Ceramic Engineers||India|
|13.||The Oriental Ceramic Society,||London|
|14.||Indian Ceramic Society||India|
|15.||The Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering (SAMPE)||USA|
Even though we try to cover everything related to ceramic engineering but cant covered in single post because it is a very vast subject. If you have any doubt regarding ceramic engineering, career, job then comment below. we will answer it which will improve the article much more.If you are a ceramic engineer or ceramic professional please leave a introduction about yourself in below comment section.
Venkat Mani is a Ceramic Engineering Graduate from India, working in Sanitaryware production line for 10 years. He shares Meaningful content related to sanitaryware professionals that others find useful.