25 Defects in Sanitaryware Manufacturing

Defects in Sanitaryware affect the yield of production. We have listed common defects in sanitaryware which may arise from Raw materials, handling or process.







  1. Cracks –One of the major defect found in the Sanitaryware production process. Separation/Split of Sanitaryware surface without breaking apart.
  2. Blisters – Blistering is sharp-edged burst bubble. Can be found in fired ware.
  3. Crazing – Crack in glaze surface area.
  4. Pinhole – Small holes in the ware.
  5. Poor finish – Improperly finished ware at green stage which is found after firing.
  6. Improper/Defective logo – Logo is not properly printed or positioned.
  7. Iron specks –Iron speck found in Glaze surface. Defect can be found after firing.
  8. Stuck – two or more wares stuck together during firing of ware.
  9. Chipping – Small Broken piece from the ware.
  10. Light glaze – less glaze in ware than necessary.
  11. Heavy glaze – More glaze in ware than necessary.
  12. Wavy glaze – Wavy ness of glaze due to improper glaze application.
  13. Crawling – Small portion of the glaze separates from ware leaving the ware exposed.
  14. Leakage – Leak found in ware during water filled and flushed.
  15. Poor repair – Defect due to poor repairing at various stages at process.
  16. Pitting – Small pits in glaze found after firing.
  17. Matte glaze/under fired – Improperly fired or Matte glaze in ware.
  18. Warpage – Bending in ware.
  19. Sulphuring – Dull scum on glaze surface found after firing.
  20. Knocked Glaze – Glaze knocked off during process.
  21. Color fading – Color disappearing after firing.
  22. Bloating – Gas bubble trapped in body during firing.
  23. Blown out – Impurities burns out during firing.
  24. Dunting – Crack formed at silica inversion stage and the glaze filled the crack.
  25. Peeling – Galze lift away from body.





Did we cover all defects? Put your thought below at comment section.

Let us find 40 Lab tests involved in Sanitaryware, also Sanitaryware Production Process




4 thoughts on “25 Defects in Sanitaryware Manufacturing

  1. Varun Basutkar says:

    it is very nice i like it
    but i need remedies of that defects.
    please help me i m a ceramic student

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